This month, ITU is celebrating the 110th anniversary of the ITU Radio Regulations, the essential international treaty for governing the use of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits for ubiquitous wireless communications. The following article by GSMA Director General Mats Granryd was published in the latest edition of ITU News Magazine, which is dedicated to celebrating the Radio Regulations.
Mobile networks have become an intrinsic part of our everyday lives. They help us keep in touch with friends and family, stay on top of work, monitor our health, manage our homes and businesses, conduct financial transactions, and so much more. It is nearly impossible to envision our lives without mobile.
The ITU Radio Regulations form the core of the international framework for management of the radio frequency spectrum, affording protection for existing radio services while enabling the introduction of new and enhanced services. The delegates sitting in Berlin in 1906 to negotiate the first Radio Regulations governing wireless telegraphy surely had no idea what they were starting. Then, it would have seemed far-fetched to think that 4.8 billion people would today be connected to each other through globally interoperable mobile networks.
Mobile networks are increasingly critical to national prosperity. In 2015, the mobile industry generated USD 3.1 trillion, or 4.2 per cent of global GDP, and contributed USD 430 billion to public funding. This growth would never have been possible without the harmonization of mobile spectrum through ITU.
Spectrum harmonization has created economies of scale, which in turn have made mobile services and handsets more affordable. Starting with the 900 MHz band in 1979, the Radio Regulations have laid the foundation for the high-speed mobile broadband networks we rely on every day. This was followed by the 1.8 GHz band in 1987, the 2 GHz band in 1992, the 2.6 GHz band in 2003 and the 700/800 MHz bands in 2007 and 2012, which permitted the development of 3G and 4G networks in a globally harmonized way.
Mobile has already had a truly transformative impact on the lives of people around the world, and mobile operators and governments need to continue working together to ensure mobile’s full potential is realized. This will be critical to meeting the targets of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as mobile networks have the power to accelerate the achievement of the SDGs in a way no other technology can.
It’s not just about connectivity — it’s what this connectivity enables. For example, mobile operators are already delivering financial services to more than 400 million unbanked people in over 90 countries around the world, and with the right environment, will extend this even further. Mobile is also helping to reduce the mobile gender gap, connecting women in developing markets to life-enhancing services, particularly mobile Internet and mobile money.
A key enabler for success will be the timely release by governments of more of the harmonized spectrum identified through the ITU process. In particular, the digital dividend spectrum and, in the future, more frequencies below 700 MHz need to be made affordably available to support improved mobile network coverage. Governments should resist the growing trend to artificially inflate the prices for spectrum access as we work together to reach the many people who still don’t have access to the Internet.
ITU has unquestionably played an instrumental role in creating a better world for billions of people through the power of mobile. We need to build on this success, and can ill-afford to rest on our laurels. With the work to implement the results of WRC‑15 ongoing, and the work toward WRC‑19 ramping up, we need to remember that the ability of hundreds of millions of people to get connected for the first time depends on what happens next.
Updating the Radio Regulations to reflect the changing demand for use of the spectrum is vital. Mobile operators need timely access to the right amount and type of spectrum under the right conditions in every market. Speed, coverage and quality will be heavily dependent on this. As we move to next generation networks, we cannot lose of sight of the value of harmonization as we work toward a common, harmonized set of spectrum bands to support 5G.
Mobile operators, governments and the ITU need to work hand-in-hand to connect everyone and everything to a better future. And let’s do it with the same spirit of inventiveness and collaboration that got us started 110 years ago.
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