Ahead of the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference 2018 (PP-18) – the top policy-making body of the International Telecommunication Union, taking place from 29 October to 16 November in Dubai – ITU News is highlighting some important and emerging areas of ITU’s work. The following is an ITU Plenipotentiary Backgrounder, the original can be found on the PP-18 website here.
Digital skills are increasingly required in workplaces around the world, as ICTs are rapidly transforming jobs across industries, including agriculture, entertainment, financial services, health and transportation.
There will be tens of millions of jobs for people with advanced digital skills in the coming years, with some economies predicting a talent gap for workers with advanced digital skills, and others ranking ICT specialists among their fastest-growing roles.
Young people aged 15-24 represent almost one-fourth of the total number of individuals using the Internet worldwide. In 2017, 70.6 per cent of the global youth population were online. Young people are “early adopters” of ICT-based technologies and can drive growth and innovation in the sector. However, the majority of young people do not possess job-relevant digital skills to fill vacancies.
Governments can design national strategies to develop young people’s digital skills and build an enabling environment for innovation, entrepreneurship and job creation in the digital economy.
The digital economy requires a wide range of digital skills.
As the major employer of digitally skilled young people, the private sector can provide workplace learning opportunities to enhance the long-term employment prospects of young women and men.
Small and medium technology enterprises and start-ups have a significant impact on economic growth, employment and investment opportunities. As a result, many governments are now supporting the creation and development of this economic sector and creating jobs for young people with advanced digital skills.
The digital economy requires a wide range of digital skills which are classified as follows:
In June 2017, ITU and ILO launched a joint Digital Skills for Decent Jobs for Youth Campaign, which aims to mobilize the political will and resources to equip five million young men and women with job-ready digital skills by 2030 in support of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
As part of this campaign, ITU, the International Labour Organization (ILO) and other international agencies have convened governments and other stakeholders to set a global agenda to fill the digital skills gap. ITU’s Digital skills toolkit, which provides recommendations for governments to design national digital skills development strategies for the work and life of all citizens in the growing digital economy, forms part of ITU’s support to the campaign.
In addition, ITU’s report Coding bootcamps: a strategy for youth employment provides policy-makers with recommendations on implementing this training model to address youth unemployment. Coding bootcamps are innovative three-to-six month intensive in-person training courses, where students learn programming foundations and then practice what they have learned in project-based exercises that aim to simulate the everyday work environment.
ITU also hosts hackathons, which are competitive events aimed at bringing together computer experts and young people to learn new computer programming skills and create software.
Job creation and entrepreneurship
ITU encourages the creation of new job opportunities to integrate more young women and men in the labour market and help digital economies flourish.
ITU’s report Digital opportunities: innovative ICT solutions for youth employment advises policy-makers on ways they can ensure that youth are included in the digital job market.
ITU also works with partners to build an enabling environment for innovation and entrepreneurship. Every year at the ITU Telecom World event, ITU supports the success of innovators throughout the world. ITU Telecom World Awards recognize the most innovative and successful ICT-based small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) working to provide social impact.
To help young job seekers and entrepreneurs gain employment or start a business, ITU has collected resources including but not limited to training opportunities, contests, networking events, hubs, mentoring networks and job-matching services.